Showing posts with label How do Airplanes Made. Show all posts
Showing posts with label How do Airplanes Made. Show all posts

Thursday, November 17, 2011

How do Airplanes Made


How do Airplanes Made

How do airplanes.
At the words "domestic production" in my head pops up a picture dilapidated shop with a leaking roof and rusty stairs, crooked going off the ceiling. What was my surprise when I found myself in Komsomolsk-on-Amur in the shop, which produces aircraft Sukhoi Superdzhet100 - absolutely clean shop, which nadraivayut 4 times a day, floor polishers, warning signs at each manhole, neatly dressed staff ...
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The plant employs about 12 thousand people, and production is divided into two areas. In the first blank is made of aluminum fuselage, and the second wings are attached to it, set in the plane all the avionics and engines. Today I'll show you how a piece of aluminum into a plane ...
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How do airplanes.

At the outset I wish to express my deep gratitude PR Services Dry and KLA for the opportunity to get to this production. Photographing is prohibited, but we made an exception:
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How do airplanes.

Modern aircraft are "in the figure." From Moscow to Komsomolsk-on-Amur on the network transmit electronic models of aircraft parts and assemblies. Plant engineers write programs for CNC machine tools and adapt designs to production. That is, they get out of Moscow's electronic models, and further develop their own apparatus, tools and processes to manufacture these parts.
Incidentally, the aircraft Sukhoi Superjet is the first Russian aircraft fully established on the basis of digital technologies, thereby reducing the time the preparatory process for its production in 2 years:
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How do airplanes.
It begins with the department of mechanical treatment, which drive up hefty aluminum billet and turning them into part of the future aircraft:
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How do airplanes.

In the shop there are huge fully enclosed machines:
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How do airplanes.

Results of these machines for the production of Superjet was purchased over 30 pieces:
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How do airplanes.

All shavings from machines automatically goes on struzhkoprovodu in containers and leaves for recycling:
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How do airplanes.

Workpiece is clamped on the turntable and processed by the program without human intervention:
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How do airplanes.
The operator of the machine standing outside and watching the process on the monitor. Hence it happens all the controls:
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How do airplanes.
Only manually set the blanks:
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How do airplanes.
One day, Michelangelo was asked how he creates his sculptures. He replied: "Very simply, I take a stone and cut off all unnecessary." Like the great Italian creator, Machine Dry cut off with sharp cutters all the extra metal:
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How do airplanes.
Milling machines can be very complex shape and large size parts, thanks to programs written by engineers KnAAPO:
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How do airplanes.
Anything that looks like a stamped, in fact, was "vystrugano" of a large piece of aluminum milling machines:
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How do airplanes.
In the fuselage of the aircraft more than 40 thousand rivets and another 15 000 in the wing. Drill holes and install rivets in the wing and fuselage panels produced on a laser machine riveting:
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How do airplanes.
Same laser cut small parts:
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How do airplanes.
On board there are practically no straight parts. In order to give the desired curvature using a set of forms stitched at a special press:
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How do airplanes.
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How do airplanes.
Detail is set in the press, belts and pressed on the program are making the effort required for its formation:
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How do airplanes.
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How do airplanes.
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How do airplanes.
Wing skin adjusted to the desired shape on a separate press in manual mode:
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How do airplanes.
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How do airplanes.
Made wing skin are controlled by a special bench with a set of templates. The deviation of the 14-meter wing skins should be no more than + / - 1 mm
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How do airplanes.
If the deviation is larger, the item is brought into a special unit shot:
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How do airplanes.
Once the details have acquired the desired shape, cover them with soil to protect against corrosion:
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How do airplanes.
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How do airplanes.
For each panel, the fuselage has its own equipment, called a "pallet":
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How do airplanes.
Enshrined in the pallets hit the bar automatic machine riveting. In each plane by about 55 000 rivets:
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How do airplanes.
The entire process is fully automated and controlled by a pair of man:
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How do airplanes.
Layout installation process is done manually fixing:
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How do airplanes.
Automaton can not yet completely replace the human, and some space for a riveting account mark the workers:
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How do airplanes.
After joining the fuselage installed in rack vnestapelnyh works, where it is the final assembly:
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How do airplanes.
By number shows that the assembly is the 20th aircraft:
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How do airplanes.
Holes bolting treated in a special way to avoid backlash:
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How do airplanes.
The tighter the joint, the greater the resource in detail:
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How do airplanes.
Slipway wing spar assembly:
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How do airplanes.
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How do airplanes.
Headphones - an indispensable element for the safety of work at hand riveting:
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How do airplanes.
Frame, which completes the passenger compartment and separates it from the rear, where the auxiliary power unit (APU)
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How do airplanes.
Center section - the central part of an airplane wing. He is joined in the wings, and it is located inside the fuel tank:
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How do airplanes.
The shop, which collect the wings:
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How do airplanes.
In the stocks are installing spars and ribs of the wing:
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How do airplanes.
Number 95 021 indicates that this detachable part of the wing for an aircraft with a serial number number 021. Total dry already produced 11 aircraft:
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How do airplanes.
The bottom surface of the wing left the hatches for access of the wing and its maintenance during operation of the aircraft:
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How do airplanes.
All of them are closed with removable covers like:
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How do airplanes.
The internal cavity of the wing, as well as the center section is used as the fuel tank:
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How do airplanes.
This workshop gathered sections of the fuselage, which then dock with each other:
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How do airplanes.
Docked panel fuselage before passing into the workshop production of fuselage sections:
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How do airplanes.
In every shop on the wall details that it is collected:
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How do airplanes.
Here we collect the next half plane with rails for chairs:
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How do airplanes.
And set it in the fuselage:
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How do airplanes.
After installation, it is covered technology floor:
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How do airplanes.
Beneath it is the baggage compartment:
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How do airplanes.
Sections of fuselage are joined automatically on the stand:
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How do airplanes.
There stands yet on any other Russian plant, including the military:
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How do airplanes.
In the next post please read the story of the second workshop Sukhoi aircraft which finally collected and sent into the sky. But the sky will be girls and, of course, airplanes. Stay Tuned!
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How do airplanes.
Aviation industry of Russia